Little owls were successfully introduced into the UK at Lilford Hall by the 4th Baron Lilford in 1889; on St George’s Day, his gamekeeper found a little owl on a nest.
Lilford Hall is just down the road from me, here in east Northants. I haven’t seen a little owl for ages and ages in the UK but I remember some very nice ones I once saw near Trujillo in Spain.
This evening I am going out on a little owl hunt provided the weather is OK. Wish me luck!
Natural capital is the natural world. It is all that stuff that we inherited that we could pass on to future generations: fish in the sea, carbon in forests, reedbeds that clean water supplies, bird song that makes me smile, pollinators, genetic variation. Just unimportant stuff like that.
The point is that we treat this stuff – otherwise known as life on earth – as fairly unimportant because it comes free and we don’t individually get a bill for our use of it. Some think that building a more proper economic valuation of nature into our lives would help to protect nature. This is worth a try – and that’s what the Natural Capital Committee is trying to do.
I hope the Committee, chaired by acerbic (some say) economist Professor Dieter Helm, make some progress. I’d be surprised if George Osborne is going to give their findings a moment of his time but he should think about the key messages of their first report:
- Natural capital assets are in decline and these trends should be measured.
- Changes in natural capital should be properly included in national and corporate accounts.
- Changes in natural capital should be properly valued and those values more effectively included in decision- making processes.
- Stewardship of natural capital is good for growth
Big beach clean up – the Marine Conservation Society are having a Big Beach Clean Up next week. I’ll be fighting litter on the beaches of Northants, don’t you worry!
Pond conservation – I’ve heard lots of people saying that the cold weather has affected the laying of frogs and toads in their ponds. I don’t have a pond but if I did I would certainly contribute to the Big Spawn Count (even though that sounds rather dodgy).
Spoon-billed sandpiper – this is a nice blog from the RSPB’s Rob Sheldon which deserves a few reads.
Lady Thatcher Purdey – it’s a completely different world
Ireland’s forests – I was interested to see that the Irish government is planning to flog some forests too.
Walk for whales – after all, they can’t walk themselves. I will just have returned from the USA when these Whale and Dolphin Society events happen around the country.
Volunteer – I honestly don’t remember getting last year’s copy of this BTO magazine but I probably did! This year’s though is very good – I know because I’ve read it.
State of Nature report – this blog sometimes castigates NGOs for not working together so I am pleased to see that on 22 May, in the evening at the Natural History Museum, 25 wildlife NGOs are promoting a joint report on the state of nature – called State of Nature. I wish, in a way, I could be there but I will be in Kentucky, or Ohio or perhaps in Pennsylvania on that day. There is, however, a very notable and less and less surprising absentee from the list – the National Trust. Yet again the National Trust doesn’t join in on something important for wildlife. Hopeless and unacceptable for wildlife enthusiasts.
RSPB, RSPCA and Wildife Trusts sticking together – the RSPB, the RSPCA and The Wildlife Trusts have written to Stephen Hammond MP at the Department for Transport alerting him to the threat posed by the discharge from ships of polyisobutene (PIB). You’ll remember that hundreds of seabirds were affected by this a couple of times since Christmas.
I have – that is, I have signed up for the pre-publication order of the new breeding bird atlas. That is, of course, the BTO, Birdwatch Ireland, SOC Atlas.
Licensing of grouse moors – this epetition has quite considerably passed 4000 signatures. Is yours there?
There are, aren’t there, many types of questions? Rhetorical questions, leading questions, straight questions, difficult questions. Latin, I dimly remember from school, had particular ways of asking questions to which the expected answer was ‘yes’ and other ways of asking if the expected answer were ‘no’.
I’m quite a questioning person myself. ‘Why is the world like this?’ I used to ask as a biologist, and ‘Why is the world like this?’ I used to ask as an advocate.
The UK’s national academy of science, the Royal Society, is holding a meeting on sustainable intensification of agriculture on 9 May. You can’t question the Royal Society for being trendy – after all they have a lock of Isaac Newton’s hair upstairs in their library – what could be cooler than that?
But for Britain’s top boffins to ask ‘Do environmental services and biodiversity have a place in farming policy?’ seems a bit of an easy question. If the answer is ‘no’ then I’d like a rebate of my share of the two billion pounds a year that we have been paying farmers for years. And if the answer is ‘yes’ then I wish Defra would pull their fingers out of wherever they are trapped and deliver some decent value for money for our investment.
Even the silliest question is worth asking sometimes.
“We must remember our duty to Nature before it is too late. That duty is constant. It is never completed. It lives on as we breathe. It endures as we eat and sleep, work and rest, as we are born and as we pass away. The duty to Nature will remain long after our own endeavors…It will weigh on our shoulders for as long as we wish to dwell on a living and thriving planet, and hand it on to our children and theirs.”
These words were part of a speech made in 1990, less than a month before she ceased to be PM, at the 2nd World Climate Conference and the full text of the speech is worth looking at.
For a commentary on the current state of play on climate change have a look at this video on YouTube.
But there is a smidgeon of evidence that Enoch Powell was right to say that all political lives end in failure with yesterday’s vote in the EU Parliament that will further flood the market with carbon credits, thus potentially reducing the price of carbon emissions still further (see here, here).
It’s a technical area, but yesterday’s vote will lead to the price of carbon on the EU Trading Scheme falling even further – to below 5 quid a tonne (at its height the price was, I think, about 80 quid a tonne which made quite a difference to heavily polluting industries).
This is a double blow for the Thatcher legacy. First, it is clear that market mechanisms haven’t been very good at dealing with carbon emissions – and any old socialist like me could have told you that. Second, of course it was the political Right who voted against the climate-protecting proposals to withhold emission quotas.
Rob Yorke is a countryman with two hats: one as a chartered surveyor paying his mortgage, the other as a rural commentator passionate about an informed countryside debate. He has lived in west Scotland, north England, London and now permanently in south Wales. He stalks The Times’ letter pages but it’s cheaper to follow him at twitter.com/blackgull.
I should declare my interest. I like birds; watching them, feeding them, listening to them, hunting them and eating them. A member of Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust (GWCT), British Trust for Ornithology (BTO), British Association of Shooting & Conservation (BASC) and RSPB who is frustrated by polarised debates over conservation that alienate balanced discussion with potentially detrimental impacts on wildlife.
In this dangerously collaborative opinion piece, I expect few plaudits from any polarised camp members.
The countryside, 75% of it agricultural, is home to two inextricably linked requirements; food and biodiversity. Nature reserves and gardens may appeal as areas for domesticated conservation policies close to a majority urban population, but it is vast swathes of farmland from salt marsh to uplands, that hold the bulk of large scale ecosystems necessary for biodiversity and food production.
The politics that flavour everyday life but often mean little to the long term health of the environment, cannot be ignored. Politics dictate policy and policy demands data.
The Farmland Bird Index (FBI) is one such tool. Some believe it’s an index of how chickens fare on farmland, others wield it as a stick on how farming has somehow buggered up birds. The FBI, made up of 19 generalist and specialist birds all dependent on lowland agriculture, is used as a barometer of the countryside’s health. The State of the UK’s Birds 2012 report influences policy and much of the data is provided by, amongst others, volunteers spending just two mornings a year counting birds in a 1km square.
Both these data tools indicate overall long term declines in what are perceived as priority bird species; from grey partridges and skylarks, to wood warblers and tree sparrows; except that no one actually knows how well skylarks are doing in the neglected uplands.
And this is where it all gets a bit warped. The very mention of some conservation organisations, let alone allowing them onto their land to count birds, sets teeth grating and puts hackles up. The responses from farmers for my debate paper, ‘New demands; old countryside’ on being asked ‘Were they members of the RSPB?’ ranged from the quizzical to the rude.
Agri-enviro schemes, publically funded and supported by the RSPB, are lauded for their take up but alas, have done little to boost farmland birds.Alan Buckwell, previous policy director at the Country Land & Business Association (CLA), told me; ‘If farmers set their minds to getting the FBI to go up by feeding them, providing habitat and ensuring they can breed, then the whole discourse might be different.’ Sir John Lawton (of Making Space for Nature) has said that where predator control works, we should get on with it.
The National Farmers Union (NFU) must take its teeth out of the RSPB and the RSPB must stop pandering to their members’ subjective feelings which can result in unscientific policy on the ground. Is it terrified of offending and losing members who own bird-chomping cats or facing the music when they shoot tern-eating foxes? Has ‘dry’ science been eschewed by all to enable antagonistic ‘juicier’ fund raising campaigns as a better way for organisations to raise funds from members?
In an e-petition, campaign-led culture, uncomfortable conservation conversations are bypassed as we rely on others to undertake conservation work on our behalf. Perhaps it’s time to highlight our own wasteful consumer choice’s impact on wildlife living alongside us, while stretching out, over the informed minority, to reach the uniformed majority?
When some set out to save ‘cute’ looking birds, rather than tackle non-native invasive species, and others believe they should be producing food at any cost, rather than husbanding soils, both pay scant regard to trade-offs that might interfere with their respective campaign. Tim Benton, UK Food Security Champion, demonstrates that crop yields (organic or conventional), and not farming practices per se, have significant impacts on some biodiversity and RSPB’s Mike Clarke talks about conservationists needing to confront trade-offs implicit within multiple land uses; these types of input should help us break up the ‘spinning’, tussling lobbyists to seek to build on synergies gained from positive examples of successful outcomes.
Cash is tight and the countryside needs funds for improving farming efficiency and improving agri-enviro schemes. Money flows easier down politically acceptable slopes and the government wobbles between listening to a million membership group and thousands strong trade association groups; both of which have valid issues to raise – even if the former has countless research papers (not all in the public domain), more press officers than Defra and receives, excluding grants, millions from the public purse.
Steve Redpath, conservation scientist, says; “engagement via dialogue is likely to be far more productive in these debates than relying on enforcement”. Now is the time to initiate dialogue between landowners, farmers and conservationists to work towards robust solutions for competing land uses. Avoid enforcement by weeding out poor practice, dispel disapproval of game shooting or farming methods, and engage in models similar to BASC’s Green Shoots. This programme, endorsed by government nature conservation agencies, builds on common ground to link shooters and non-shooting conservation organisations for the benefit of wildlife and all parties.
There are plenty of examples of progressive agri-business farmers boosting biodiversity and shooting interests working with the RSPB to help birds alongside sustain vital economic viability that underpins a vibrant, healthy countryside.
It is too easy to talk around problems rather than work towards solutions: let’s bring in GWCT’s science, blend it withCLA’s strong interrelationship between food & environmental security, combine Royal Agricultural Society of England’s ‘Sustainable intensification & farmland birds’ with the NFU’s Farming Delivers and top up with the RSPB’s Volunteer & Farmer Alliance to move us all in a positive, non partisan direction.
Farming, countryside and conservation organisations have to accept there are shared challenges that come with joint responsibilities of producing food and enhancing biodiversity. From a need to assess more accurate bird numbers, to sponsoring objective science, we must all aim to find long term solutions (even if unpalatable at times) that benefit both our health and that of the environment.
Here’s a list of nature conservation organisations with their number of followers on Twitter. To be fair, many of the organisations have several (many) Twitter accounts for particular sites or particular subjects, but those listed here are the ‘main’, and sometimes the only, Twitter accounts for these organisations.
@natures_voice (RSPB) 52,785
@_BCT_ (Bat Conservation Trust) 8,654
@savebutterflies (Butterfly Conservation) 8,204
@Buzz-dont_tweet (Buglife) 7,015
@loveplants (Plantlife) 5,081
Size isn’t everything but I know from personal experience that the more Twitter followers you have, the more people get to interact with you and your website.
I used to be a big fan of Facebook but I now rate Twitter much more highly as a means of getting a message to lots of people.
I think that the social media offer huge opportunities to smaller NGOs – if you do it right you can look like a big NGO and attract lots of followers who may turn into supporters, donors and members. It does take time, and some effort, but building your Twitter followers is well worth the effort if you have something to say – and don’t all these organisations have something to say?
Although, I would say that the outputs of many of these Twitter accounts are pretty bland. Have you tried them? What do you think?
I’ve now heard my first chiffchaff and seen a common tern too (both on Friday). This weekend should deliver lots of migrants – I hope!
The cuckoos are coming with Scottish Chance on the right side of the Sahara, English Chris is keen as mustard near Dijon although the Welsh David and Lloyd are still in Ivory Coast and Sierra Leone. But I’ll be hoping to pick up a few sand martins and swallows, and maybe a yellow wagtail. We’ll see!
Good luck with your hunting for signs of spring.