For farmers

On Saturday I woke before the alarm and that was early!  It wasn’t because I had gone to sleep before knowing the result of the London Mayoral election and the fate of the several hundred pound bet I had on Boris (that result was never seriously in question) but because I was going out to do the first visit to one of my BBS sites.

It’s routine for me but because some in the farming community always seems so suspicious of the results of the work of myself and thousands of other volunteers giving up our time for free I thought that I’d write this blog as a record of how it works.  Perhaps it might correct some of the miconceptions about the scheme from some farmers.

I’ve been surveying this 1km x 1km square for several years.  I was contacted by the local BTO rep (another volunteer – like me) and asked whether I would cover a Breeding Bird Survey square locally.  I was given a list of a few randomly selected 1km squares and chose the one nearest to where I lived.  So that’s the first important point about this scheme – the sites surveyed are chosen at random and that means that they are representative of the country as a whole.  They cover all habitats and areas.  There is no reason to think that the results are biased by location in any important way.

Having agreed to survey this site I have to do it in the standardised way set out in the scheme.  This means covering the site by a set route (ideally two parallel transects), in a set time of the year (April-June), at a set time of day (earlyish in the morning) and a set number of times (twice) a set distance apart (about a month).  The details can be found here for anyone interested (more about the scheme; details of the methods).

The route of my survey deviates from the ideal two parallel transects because if I tried to do it like that I’d be tramping through fields of wheat and oilseed rape and that wouldn’t be much fun or very popular.  Luckily, my square has two rights of way, green lanes, that cross it and make life a lot easier, but unfortunately one runs north-south and the other east-west so they are hardly parallel!  So my 10 separate sections of survey are based on this cross – and that’s very sensible and wasn’t my choice – it was what the wise people in the BTO told me to do before I’d even visited the site to have a look at it.  How clever of them!

So, with that modification, I do an early visit at the very beginning of May (quite often this bank holiday weekend) and my second visit about a month later (near my son’s birthday).   I tend to leave the house at 0530, park the car at c0545 (you can see I was pleased this random square was close to me), walk down the footpath to the edge of the square and start recording at c0600.  I then stroll along the route, stopping every now and again, and record all the birds I hear or see in the three distance categories required (I always have to check what they are as I never remember them!).  I record all the birds with their own codes on a map or in a notebook . After a little more than an hour I have covered the whole route and recorded all the birds.

I don’t want to make too much of this but it is a fairly skilled task – recording these birds.  Many of the sightings are actually hearings so you need to know your bird songs and calls.  On Saturday I never saw the lesser whitethroats, chiffchaffs or song thrushes I recorded – but I know their songs.  And there was a funny-sounding whitethroat which I spent a couple of minutes searching for just to make sure that that was what it was – I wouldn’t want to realise weeks later that I’d heard a Marmora’s warbler (some hope!).

I’m glad I can do all of this square from rights of way very easily as otherwise I would have had to contact the farmers on whose land I would have walked.  I wouldn’t have minded doing that except that I would guess it would mean contacting four different farmers and I don’t know who they are or where they live so that would have been a pain (I do now know one of them, but I didn’t when I started years ago).  But this does mean that the farmers whose land I survey are in blissful ignorance that their birds are being counted so carefully each year.

And you might think that is it, but when I get home, and I am very good at doing this straight away, I enter the sightings onto the BBS website.  I like to get that job out of the way immediately.  By 0900 the data I had collected that morning were entered and safe.

Now it remains for me to go back in June and do it all again.

And in 2010 3239 squares were covered in a similar way.  These are spread all over England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales and I wonder how many people were out doing what I was doing when I was doing it, and what they were seeing.  That is a very large sample of bird records from randomly selected sites covered in a standardised manner.  And that’s why we can be confident about the reliability of these data when they are analysed by scientists at the BTO at the end of the season.

The results are published each year – here is the latest report for 2010.

The work is funded by the BTO itself, the RSPB (through the goodness of its heart) and by the statutory nature conservation organisations across the UK.  When I say ‘the work’, what I mean is the data storage, analysis, coordination and communication of the results.  Most of the ‘the work’, certainly in hours, is done by people like me for nothing.  I’ve done some calculations of these costs before and they still look about right – we all, Government, farmers, foresters, shopkeepers and birders, get a very good picture of breeding bird changes for a government input of about £40k  pa contribution to c£1.2m worth of work.  [In fact the number of squares covered has gone up so the volunteer contribution has gone up too].

Sometimes farmers, particularly NFU spokespeople who should know better, question the validity of the trends that come out of all this work.  That’s a bit rich – in fact it’s a bit poor!  That’s why I have written this little explanation of how the data are collected.  I’m happy to try to answer any questions about this scheme and – I dare say – so would be the BTO (or RSPB or JNCC).  Ask away, anyone, especially sceptical farmers.

And here is a question for the NFU – how about making a contribution to the costs of this scheme? It’s a major way of measuring your industry’s environmental impact (there are others too, of course) and you must be interested in that.


10 ways to make a difference – and some are free

It’s a tough time for NGOs – here are some ideas for worthy causes to help.


Good to see that the RSPB has the chance to buy a fantastic site on Loch Lomond.  It came up once before and I was sorry that it didn’t work out then. And I haven’t noticed much land purchase recently so it’s good to see this one come through.  Donate here.

WWT project on world’s rarest duck, maybe the world’s rarest bird, gets a boost from hatching some cute ducklings.  This is a great project too and WWT are asking for your support as well.

RSPB asks you to email your MEP (bet you don’t know who they are – do you?) and ask for a wildlife-friendly Comon Agricultural Policy.  Sounds dull, but it is important, quick, easy and free so what’s your excuse for not doing it?

FoE are dipping their toes in nature again – they are campaigning about bee declines (and asking for your money) – they should be encouraged to move further into UK wildlife areas.

Buglife would like some money to save the ladybird spider which I wrote about last summer.

Plantlife is following up its great woodland report with an appeal, a very moderate pitched one, for money to imrprove woodland management.

Butterfly Conservation are raising money to save the chequered skipper. I wrote about chequered skipppers a while ago and wish someone had saved them round here!

Join Pond Conservation to help their excellent work.  Membership is the best way to help NGOs – it builds their cap[acity and their influence.

The Grasslands Trust has some interesting and novel ways to give them money without it costing you anything – clever!

How about persuading your company to become a corporate member of the Marine Conservation Society?  That won’t cost you anything.


Wet Wales? I hope not

The Wales Coast Path opens officially today – 870 miles from Chester to Chepstow (and a very similar distance from Chepstow to Chester).  That’s quite a stretch isn’t it? And since you can walk Offa’s Dyke too, you could do a 1000+ mile walk around Wales if you really wanted – you could call it a ‘Walk on the Wales Side’.  I quite fancy it – 2 months stroll around the Principality? Maybe there’s a book in it.

To mark the opening there is going to be a Wales Coast Bird Race where any records from the Coastal Path, including out to sea and up to half a mile inland will count towards the total.  That’s quite fun.

You can guess how many the total will reach and send your guess via Twitter to @WCPBirds .  I’ve guessed 139 species because I think the weather might be a bit rubbish, but otherwise I guess the total would be higher.  Or have I gone too high – what do you think?

, via Wikimedia Commons”]Yesterday a bee-eater was seen at Great Orme, the wind is from the east and at this time of year anything is possible.

I wonder how many species RSPB nature reserves such as Conwy and Newport Wetlands will contribute?

In any case, I will be keeping an eye on progress on the Visit Wales blog and through Twitter.

There probably won’t be 264 species which is what Team Sapsucker managed in Texas last week equalling their own ‘world’ USA record of last year.  The day started with yellow-crowned night heron (it’s on my USA list) and ended just before the next midnight with purple gallinule (not on my list), with fire ants (not on my list) and a puncture (yep, had one of them in the USA) in between.


, from Wikimedia Commons”]

The same and different

A year ago, yesterday, I flew to the USA for a 6 week trip of a lifetime.

Yesterday, I drove to Cambridge.


A year ago, yesterday, the sun shone.

Yesterday it rained a  lot.


A year ago, yesterday, I saw lots of starlings in Washington DC.

Yesterday a single starling flew across the road as I travelled.


Yesterday I met Andy Clements for breakfast and a chat about cuckoos, Birdtrack, old Common Bird Census plots, mutual friends at Cornell, the RSPB and American warblers.

Yesterday I met an academic and we talked about habitat restoration, red-cockaded woodpeckers, writing books, cuckoos, deforestation, nightingales and psychology experiments.

Yesterday I met my son for lunch and he gave me a good idea.

A year on, and the Earth has regained the position it was in a year ago whereas I know I am both the same and different.


Wuthering Moors 14

My Freedom of Information requests which were posted on this blog on 2 April (for example, this one) should have been answered this week since they were electronically transmitted to Natural England and Defra on that day.  I followed up by posting letters to Defra and Natural England.

Yesterday, at 1637, I received an email from Natural England telling me that they needed another 20 working days to deal with my requests.  Their letter is posted below with my reply.

This feels to me, although I might be wrong, like delaying tactics.  First, I would be happy to receive any of the information I requested even if some of it will take a little longer.  Second, the nature of the request was not complex – it may be unwelcome but it is not complex.   I have asked for copies of documents that I know exist and will be in a filing cabinet somewhere, and I have asked for details of meetings between NE staff, Ministers and others.  That’s not complex.

And, for the record, I didn’t get a reply from Richard Bannister to this letter  – but then I didn’t really expect to get a reply and he is under no obligation to reply to random letters from people like me so I am not complaining.


Letter received from NE:


Dear Mr Avery

Environmental Information Regulations 2004 – Extension of time – Request no 1494

I am writing to advise you that the time limit for responding to your request for information under
the Environmental Information Regulations 2004, which we received on 02 April 2012 needs to be

The Regulations allow us 20 working days to respond to your request from the date of its receipt.
However, it is occasionally necessary to extend the 20 working day time limit for issuing a
response. In this case, I regret that we must extend the time limit for responding by a further 20
working days to 31 May 2012, because of the complex nature of the request, although we hope to
reply sooner.

If you have any queries about this letter, please contact me. As you may be aware, under the
legislation should you have any concerns with the service you have received in relation to your
request and wish to make a complaint or request a review of our decision, please contact me and
I’ll arrange for a colleague to conduct an internal review. Under Regulation 11(2) this needs to be
done no later than 40 working days after the date of this letter.

If you are not content with the outcome of your complaint, you may apply directly to the Information
Commissioner for a decision. Generally, the Commissioner cannot make a decision unless you
have exhausted the complaints procedure provided by Natural England. The Information
Commissioner can be contacted at: The Information Commissioner’s Office, Wycliffe House, Water
Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9 5AF. Telephone: 01625 545 700,

Yours sincerely


Reply sent to NE:

Thank you for your email and attached letter of 2 May.

I’m not happy that at the last moment you tell me that you need more time to satisfy these requests.  I don’t agree with you that they are of a complex nature.  I am sure that you can provide some of the information that I have requested now and I would ask you to do that.  I made several separate requests for information and I do not think that you should delay answering any of them if you are having difficulties with just some of them. For example, I have asked for copies of documents – these documents certainly exist and 20 days is long enough for you to copy them and put them in the post or send them to me electronically.  Please do this at once.  If you cannot supply any of these documents then please let me know at once.

I do not accept that the details of emails, letters and meetings of civil servants, Ministers and NE staff are particularly complex and I am sure that good records are made of all such things.  I would be grateful if you could fulfill these FoI requests within 10 further working days, that is by the morning of Thursday 17 May, or let me know, now, if that will prove difficult.

Yours sincerely