New wasp (genus) for UK

By This image is created by user Dick Belgers at waarneming.nl, a source of nature observations in the Netherlands. [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
This image is created by user Dick Belgers at waarneming.nl, a source of nature observations in the Netherlands. [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

An ichneumon wasp new to the UK was caught in a chance sweep of a butterfly net at the RSPB’s Broadwater Warren nature reserve is a type of wasp never before recorded in the UK.

Back in 2013, Tony Davis of Butterfly Conservation was undertaking a moth monitoring programme at Broadwater Warren when he came across an ichneumon wasp specimen; a parasitic wasp, Lymantrichneumon disparis, now known to be a genus and species new to Britain.

Tony said: ‘I’d finished my work and was leaving the reserve but couldn’t resist one last sweep on my net and that’s when I found the wasp. I knew it was something special, but I could never have guessed it was an entirely new species to the country‘.”

Dr Gavin Broad is an expert on ichneumonid wasps at the Natural History Museum. The specimen was sent to him for identification and he believes the find was a recent colonist from continental Europe. He said: ‘It’s not uncommon to find parasitic wasps new to Britain, but to find a new genus for the country that is large and showy is very unusual and good evidence of change in our fauna. I knew almost immediately what this wasp was as I’d recently been looking at some Japanese specimens of Lymantrichneumon disparis. It was rather surprising to see one from Britain!‘.

In Europe the wasp parasitises a few related moth species including the gypsy moth, which has recently colonised parts of southern England. It is possible that the arrival of the wasp is related to this gypsy moth colonisation. However, the wasps are known to parasitise native moths too, so its arrival could also be due to warming of the climate.

Broadwater Warren was acquired by the RSPB in 2007, when work started to remove ranks of conifers to restore the historically open landscape of the Weald and improve the surrounding woodland for wildlife. Almost 80 per cent of the UK’s heathland has disappeared since the 1800s due to forestry, agriculture and urban development.

 

Likes(21)Dislikes(0)
Website Pin Facebook Twitter Myspace Friendfeed Technorati del.icio.us Digg Google StumbleUpon Premium Responsive

Get email notifications of new blog posts

Registration confirmation will be emailed to you.


2 Replies to “New wasp (genus) for UK”

  1. “The historically open landscape of the Weald” - another historical view is that this was a landscape of trees before their removal created anthropogenic heathland - a secondary landscape that requires constant “gardening” to keep natural processes at bay.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)
  2. Mark does say "historically", does this make it the right landscape? We are told that modern agriculture is destroying the soils but historically in the brecklands stagecoaches could not get through because roads were blocked by shifting sand dunes.

    Here on the Suffoak coastal heath natural succession is being reversed. RSPB Minsmere is going to clear rather beautiful naturally regenerated pure stands of Silver Birch to recreate "blasted heath", though they are not removing the oaks which are a "good thing" boiodiveristly apparently. They suggest that this unsatisfactory situation came about with the end of sheep grazing and bracken gathering after the war combined with the population crash of rabbits with the onset of Myxomatosis. The huge herd of red deer were well on their way to rectifying this problem but were also clearing the under story from the rest of the oak woods which was a "bad thing". So if rewilding and introduction of lynx is intended to control the deer we should be on our way back to the next stage of succession again and woodland.
    Oh and I forgot the JCBs have to be called in to scrape the bracken humus layer off. More like industrial gardening.

    Likes(0)Dislikes(0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.